The hottest machine replacement forced industrial

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"Machine replacement" forced industrial workers to transform

driverless, unmanned supermarkets, unmanned factories... When artificial intelligence accelerated its penetration into all walks of life, traditional manufacturing industry also accelerated its upgrading in this wave of intelligence

at present, powerful industries have successively entered the factory buildings and workshops of enterprises to replace the original industrial workers to complete various simple or complex flow operations. In this "machine replacement" action, more than 200 traditional manufacturing enterprises in Chongqing have completed the intelligent transformation in advance

intellectualization is alleviating the "recruitment difficulty" and "labor shortage" that once plagued enterprises

what is the change in the recruitment needs of enterprises after robots take up their posts? What about the replaced workers? Over the past few days, Chongqing has paid a visit in this regard

"machine replacement" has greatly increased production efficiency.

after arriving at the production workshop, Quan Hongyu doesn't have to shuttle between each production and operation machine and equipment as before. He only needs to operate the FMS real-time monitoring system, and can immediately "command" the automatic production and processing of the production line machine tools. After the production process is completed, the products will be automatically transmitted to the designated location

"when there was no such intelligent system before, at least one person was required to be on duty for each equipment. After the implementation of automatic production, one person can be on duty for three machines at the same time, which saves time and trouble." As the head of the processing group of the intelligent manufacturing plant of Chongqing Qijiang Gear Transmission Company (hereinafter referred to as qigear transmission), this "tietuotuo", which was put into use not long ago, makes Quan Hongyu truly feel the progress of science and technology

adjacent to the workshop of Qichi gear transmission intelligent manufacturing base is the old production workshop of Qichi gear transmission. The biggest difference between the two is that the former has only more than 100 workers, but has an annual output of 200000 transmissions, while the latter has more than 1000 workers, but only has an annual output of 100000 transmissions

the ratio of human resources is 1:10, but the ratio of production capacity is 2:1. The secret is "machine replacement"

"among the 100000 products produced manually in the past, about 1000 were often unqualified. After changing to intelligent automatic production, there was only one defective product at most." On March 18, Liu Shaodong, general manager of Qichi gear transmission, said that automated production brings not only the improvement of production efficiency, but also the improvement of product quality. After the application of intelligent and automated production equipment, now only 100 workers are needed on the production line to complete the work that thousands of people used to do

as one of the pillar industries in Chongqing, automobile manufacturing used to be a typical labor-intensive industry, but now with the addition of "robots", its production process is also injected with "intelligent factors"

in the production base of Liangjiang New Area, hundreds of industrial workers and hundreds of robots have become "colleagues". Busy robots can be seen everywhere in stamping, welding, painting and other workshops - the whole production process of the stamping workshop is almost manual, and is completed by the "partner" of robots and stamping machines; The welding workshop adopts automatic equipment such as flexible co production of multiple models on the same platform and blue light automatic detection, and there are more robots than on-site workers; More than 200 robots in the welding workshop operate continuously on the welding line for 24 hours. They can be seen waving welding guns at any time, and automatically assemble pieces of top covers, floors, doors and other parts into the prototype of the cab, with an error of 0.03 mm

workers are very familiar with these robots. Li Qin, head of the maintenance section of the welding workshop, said that after the introduction of robot production, the automation rate has now reached 72%. With the continuous addition of subsequent industrial robots, this figure will reach 85% next year. At present, when the stress of the welding car reaches the highest point, more than 100 workers are divided into three shifts, mainly doing "small jobs" such as fine grinding and polishing, which are inconvenient for robots

the robot industry is brewing a scale of 100 billion output value

the "machine replacement" action launched by labor-intensive enterprises is a mutual cause and effect between the market demand of manufacturing enterprises and the development of the robot industry

in the "Chongqing robot world" exhibition hall of Shuitu hi tech park in Liangjiang New Area, there are hundreds of robots, such as explosive disposal robots, industrial six axis robots, surgical robots and so on. It is not only a window for Chongqing to show robots to the outside world, but also a representative of the human industry development of local machines. In the robot industry base of Shuitu hi tech park, among the top five robot enterprises in the world today, Kawasaki heavy industry Abb, KUKA and Fanuc have settled in succession

at present, there are more than 300 robot enterprises in the city, including more than 120 industrial robot enterprises. In the field of robot manufacturing, Chongqing has initially formed a whole industrial chain integrating R & D, machine manufacturing, system integration and robot application services

"from germination to take-off, the robot industry in Chongqing, 2013 is a 'watershed'." Yu Yajun, the rotating president of Chongqing robot and Intelligent Equipment Industry Federation, said that before, the annual sales of industrial robots in Chongqing was only about 500. By 2013, Chongqing had become the city with the largest demand for robots in China, with an annual sales volume of more than 2200 robots, and then increased year by year

Yu Yajun said that this is because Chongqing's automobile, electronics and equipment manufacturing industries are all "large" in robot demand. It is also this industrial layout that gives birth to a continuous demand for robots, which has become the advantage and confidence of Chongqing in developing the robot industry, and has attracted many robot manufacturing enterprises at home and abroad

on March 19, Chongqing Huashu robot company came to Shuitu Gaoxin park. Many six joint robots in the production workshop kept waving their mechanical arms

according to the person in charge of the company, these robots are carrying out load tests, and they can only be shipped after passing the inspection for half a month. Such tests have not been interrupted since the production line was put into operation

he revealed that as the first batch of robot enterprises to enter the Chongqing market, Huashu attaches great importance to the demand capacity of Chongqing's robot market and the development prospect of the robot industry

at present, Chongqing's robot industry is showing the momentum of "multi-point flowering" - outside Liangjiang New Area, Yongchuan District has gathered leading domestic intelligent equipment manufacturing enterprises such as Shenzhen Gugao, Guangshu robot, and Bishan district is also actively preparing to build a robot industrial park

Yu Yajun introduced that the number of robots owned by 10000 industrial workers is commonly used internationally as a standard to measure the level of industrial automation and intelligence in the region. At present, the use density of industrial robots in Chongqing is about 50 sets/10000 industrial workers, and it is expected to increase to 150 sets/10000 industrial workers within three years. At that time, the industrial manufacturing efficiency of the city may be three times higher than now

in addition, the base is designed with high-strength engineering plastics and stone patterns. According to the Chongqing municipal government's Guiding Opinions on promoting the development of the robot industry, Chongqing will form a perfect robot R & D, testing and manufacturing system by 2020. The sales revenue of the robot industry in the city will reach 100billion yuan, and the robot industry will become a new pillar industry in Chongqing

consideration of "cost account" of intelligent transformation

the formed localized supply chain of the robot industry continues to force the intelligent transformation of traditional manufacturing enterprises in Chongqing to speed up

it can be predicted that as more and more enterprises move from labor-intensive "reinvention" to intelligent manufacturing, the future factory production may be such a scene: all processes are operated by robots, numerical control computers, unmanned transport vehicles and automated warehouse equipment. Only a small number of technicians are required to sit next to the operator and monitor the production information of the workshop in real time through the control system

the implementation plan for the development of Intelligent Manufacturing in Chongqing released by the municipal government not long ago proposed that by 2022, the city will promote a total of 5000 enterprises to implement intelligent transformation, and build 50 intelligent factories and 500 Digital workshops, which will accelerate the trend of "machine replacement"

why are more and more enterprises keen on using robots instead of human beings

the person in charge of a well-known car enterprise in the city took welding as an example to calculate an account: the average selling price of a welding robot is about 400000 yuan, plus maintenance, operation and other costs, the total cost is about 600000 yuan, the average service life of the robot is 10 years, and the average annual cost is about 60000 yuan

he said that the annual salary expenditure of employing an industrial worker is around 80000 yuan, and skilled workers may not be able to be recruited. In addition, manual operation inevitably leads to product loss, which is calculated at 20000 yuan per year, so the total annual cost of employing a labor is 100000 yuan

in contrast, a welding robot can replace three skilled welders, which is equivalent to doing the same job. The cost of employing three workers is 300000 yuan a year, while using the robot only costs 60000 yuan a year. "The key is that the robot can avoid emotional work, and it can also 'rotate on axis' for 24 hours. Generally, the cost can be recovered in about 3 years."

Wang Chuan, general manager of Chongqing Fengying auto parts company, tasted the "sweetness" of robots. Located in Yongchuan District, this manufacturing enterprise, which mainly produces automobile engine blocks, once faced the bottleneck of production technology upgrading. Since 2016, the enterprise has successively installed intelligent equipment, which has increased production efficiency by 30% and saved half of the labor cost

Wang Chuan took the stamping process of parts as an example. Because this process is a high-risk industry with high accident rate and high noise, many workers are reluctant to engage in it. The stamping robot has various advantages, such as long working hours, continuous operation, dangerous operation instead of manual work, no salary, no payment, high production efficiency, low error rate, so that Fengying and other auto parts enterprises have invested in intelligent transformation

"machine replacement" should seek a balance between the two

in any case, "machine replacement" should always be more concerned about "people", and "machine replacement" should not be a simple replacement, but to seek a balance between the two

many enterprises have set an example in this regard

on March 20, entering the Chongqing Banan logistics park on Asia No.1, in the sorting area of thousands of square meters, the sorting robots sort parcels from all over the country to the customer's station. But after the introduction of the new fire inspection standard, these robots can accurately identify the sorting path by scanning the QR code, with an accuracy of 100%

the person in charge at the scene said that the robot picking speed reached 3600 times/hour, which was six times that of traditional manual picking. It used to take hundreds of employees to handle 200000 parcels a day, but now it only needs dozens of equipment technicians

where are the extra employees

"although robots have replaced the old types of work, new types of work such as operating machines have also been born." The head of JD group business department said that after the "machine replacement", although many jobs no longer need to be completed by manpower, with the application of a large number of robots, how to make these robots work more safely and effectively has also spawned a number of new jobs. For example,'s new type of work "flight service division" is mainly responsible for the work related to UAVs

when the "machine replacement" trend of the production line came, Zhang Zhengdao, who has worked in Chongqing Hongjiang machinery company for nearly 20 years, gradually adapted to the transformation from holding welding guns and wrenches to operating robots with fingers

in this large enterprise that mainly produces marine engine fuel injection pumps, Zhang Zhengdao, as a front-line technician, has done his "work" by robots, but

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