The hottest machine replacement swept the Pearl Ri

2022-09-23
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Machine replacement swept the Pearl River Delta, 60 machines doing 650 people's work

machine replacement swept the Pearl River Delta, 60 machines doing 650 people's work

China Construction machinery information

production line, several workers were doing the final packaging, and their packaged products were stably grabbed by a robot arm about 3 meters high and neatly placed. On the passage of the workshop, the AGV car (automatic guided transport vehicle) with music is driving orderly with products on its back. If someone blocks the road ahead, the car will automatically stop and give an alarm. This is what China business saw at shundemi's factory in Foshan, Guangdong Province. People and machines perform their respective duties, and the scene is orderly and harmonious. This phenomenon has become more and more common in factories in the Pearl River Delta in recent years. The efficiency of a robot is often several times that of workers

with the inflection point of demographic dividend becoming apparent, "machine replacement" has not only become the "new normal" to solve the recruitment difficulties in the Pearl River Delta, but also means that a promising new industry is gradually emerging

real gold and silver support "machine replacement"

"a few years ago, it was sure to be kicked out to mention" machine replacement "to manufacturers in Guangdong. Now, any topic about robots will attract many enterprises to participate, and the development of the robot industry has ushered in unprecedented opportunities." This is the original words of Li Zexiang, the initiator of Dongguan Songshan Lake robot industry base and professor of Hong Kong University of science and technology

looking around the world, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform marked by digitalization, networking and intellectualization to eliminate failure manufacturing are emerging. Industrial powers such as the United States and Germany have put forward strategies such as "Reindustrialization" and "industry 4.0", and the core is a new manufacturing production mode led by intelligent manufacturing

in May this year, the industry's long-awaited "made in China 2025" plan was officially released. This programmatic document actively adapts to the development trend of manufacturing industry and promotes the transformation from a large manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country. Its core is "intelligent manufacturing"

Guangdong Province recently released the Guangdong intelligent manufacturing development plan (2015-2025) (hereinafter referred to as the plan), which proposed to comprehensively improve the innovation ability of intelligent manufacturing and promote the intelligent upgrading and transformation of manufacturing process. The plan clearly stipulates that the robot industry will be vigorously developed and the "robot application" plan will be implemented

Dongguan is a typical city made in China. The No. 1 document of the municipal government is always in the spotlight every year, and the "robot" has appeared in the prominent position of the document for two consecutive years, which obviously releases some important signals

in addition to guiding policies, there is also real gold and silver support. Since 2013, the Dongguan municipal government has decided to spend 200million yuan a year to encourage enterprises to "replace people with machines"

the Dongguan Songshanhu robot industry base initiated by Li Zexiang was officially unveiled last November, with a total investment of about 2.7 billion yuan. At present, more than 50 robot enterprises have been introduced and cultivated, and a robot industry cluster dominated by robot system integrators, core parts enterprises and intelligent equipment enterprises has initially formed

according to the data of Dongguan municipal government officials, in order to attract talents, the base will go to universities in Switzerland, the United States, Canada and other countries to make a speech tour this year to encourage and attract overseas high-level talents to innovate and start businesses in Songshan Lake

as another major manufacturing city in the Pearl River Delta, Foshan's home appliances, ceramics, hardware, molds and other industries all play an important role in Chinese manufacturing. "The production and application of robots is of great significance to Foshan." At the end of last month, at the scene of a large-scale networking activity with the theme of "Guangdong innovation, Guangdong innovation" and Guangdong innovation driven development jointly hosted by the Publicity Department of the Guangdong provincial Party committee, the Department of science and technology and the information technology office, Lu Yi, mayor of Foshan, said that Foshan needs about 20000 robots, but there are only 3000 at present, which means that there is still a lot of market space

traditional industries have higher and higher requirements for intelligence. As of 2014, Midea Group, one of the leaders in the household appliance industry and headquartered in Shunde, Foshan, has invested a total of 2billion yuan in automation, and will continue to increase investment in the future

Huang Xizhong, head of Shunde District, said that in Shunde, not only large enterprises have invested in intelligent manufacturing, but many small and medium-sized enterprises have also purchased cheaper robots for production

in order to support the promotion and application of local industrial robots, Foshan will give real gold and silver rewards to both industrial robot enterprises and traditional manufacturing industries that purchase and use local industrial robot products. For example, robot enterprises registered locally in Foshan will receive a one-time reward of 5million yuan if they meet the specified requirements; Foshan local traditional manufacturing enterprises that purchase and use local industrial robot products will also receive a reward of 10000 yuan per set, with a total amount of no more than 200000 yuan

60 robot hands do all this in order to let people know Neo as a new choice. 650 people work

after the Spring Festival, Lu Yi specially went to Foshan Human Resources Bureau to investigate the rework rate. The rework rate of only 87% made him feel the arrival of the inflection point of demographic dividend

"recruitment has become more and more difficult over the years." The director of an air-conditioning production workshop of Midea Group told this newspaper that in order to attract workers, Midea has equipped the workshop with WiFi, installed air conditioners in each dormitory, and set up a gym, but it is still difficult to recruit people

"in this case, the application of robots is on the more important agenda." Lu Yi said

"machine replacement" is not only a "good medicine" for difficult recruitment, but also solves the problem of production efficiency

China business news recently saw such a scene: after the "master" worker operated it once, the "Apprentice" rocker robot remembered the whole operation process and began to imitate the "master" action in the slightest, spraying glaze on the toilet in front of it

this glaze spraying robot with memory ability is produced by Foshan Xinpeng Robot Technology Co., Ltd. At present, arrow brand sanitary ware, Dongpeng sanitary ware, xinmingzhu sanitary ware and other leading sanitary ware enterprises have introduced this robot

according to the relevant person in charge of Xinpeng robot, the workload of a glaze spraying robot is equivalent to that of eight workers, and the waste of glaze and the probability of waste products are far lower than that of manual glaze spraying

according to the information provided by Midea Group to this newspaper, up to now, Midea Group has used 800 robots in total, with an efficiency increase of more than 15%. Midea also plans to add 1700 robots by the end of 2017, and invest robots at an annual increase of about 30% in the later period

according to their plan, Midea Group will realize 2-3 fully automatic production lines this year and next year, and initially realize "unmanned factory" by 2017

Changying Precision Technology Co., Ltd. has opened the first "unmanned factory" in Dongguan. In the grinding workshop, 60 robot hands are grinding a middle frame structural member day and night. They are divided into 10 production lines, and only 3 workers are responsible for line inspection and inspection in each line. Just a few months ago, 650 workers were needed to complete these processes

Luo Weiqiang, assistant general manager of Changying precision company, said that one robot hand can replace 6 to 8 workers. Now there are 60 workers in the grinding workshop, which will be reduced to 20 in the future

robots are also widely used in production environments with difficult conditions. There are a large number of welding robots in Foshan. In addition to solving the problems of more traditional welding spatter, large smoke and poor environment, the single machine efficiency of this robot is three times that of manual work, and the first-time qualification rate of quality is also increased from 80% to 99.8%

using robots also saves costs for enterprises. The numerical control equipment Collaborative Innovation Research Institute of Foshan Nanhai District guanggongda (hereinafter referred to as "guanggongda Research Institute") made a specific analysis on the benefits of the automatic transformation of the welding process in a factory. If it is produced by pure labor, the labor cost and training cost of 10 workers, plus the costs of raw material waste and waste consumption, will be about 9.55 million yuan a year

if two sets of robot equipment are used to realize automatic production, the annual cost is about 1.724 million yuan, and 7.8 million yuan can be saved every year. In addition, the two sets of equipment can easily complete the welding task with an annual output of 300000 pieces, so the investment of the equipment can recover the cost within 1~2 years

compared with international well-known robot enterprises such as abb in Switzerland and KUKA in Germany, domestic robots have obvious price advantages

tigway was therefore welcomed by the market. The person in charge of Robot Technology Co., Ltd. told this newspaper that the price of an imported product for an accessory on the welding robot was 6000 yuan, while the same product produced by the company was only 300 yuan. The company's products are mainly used in welding, and Midea kitchenware, Zhongshan vatti and other customers are all customers of the company

the price advantage has helped domestic robots expand the market. The automatic AGV cars in the above Midea workshops are all from local enterprises in Foshan

although it is cheap, when buying some more complex robots, enterprises still choose imported products cautiously. The above Midea workshop director revealed that they would buy domestic products for simple robots, but the relatively complex robot market (five axis and six axis robots) is basically monopolized by internationally renowned brands

taking the six axis manipulator handling products in the above Midea workshop as an example, Midea found that there was a gap in stability and accuracy between imported and domestic products. Therefore, although the price of this domestic robot is tens of thousands of yuan cheaper than the imported robot, they chose the imported product

"of course, with the continuous improvement of the quality of domestic products, we will be very happy to try domestic robots." The workshop director told this newspaper

yanghaidong, President of the Research Institute of Guangzhou University of technology, also told this newspaper that the technology of domestic robot production is actually no problem. "Products can be made, but there is a gap between stability and accuracy."

industrialization still lacks core technology

"it is estimated that the next year will be the peak of robot application." Yang Haidong predicted so. All cities in the Pearl River Delta, whether government officials or capital, have keenly focused on this new industry

in the above-mentioned large-scale networking activity of "Guangdong innovation and Guangdong innovation", Dongguan mayor yuanbaocheng said that in addition to the "machine replacement" can solve the problem of rising labor costs and structural labor shortage currently faced by Dongguan, Dongguan also hopes to cultivate a robot industry

at present, there are more than 200 enterprises engaged in robot production in Dongguan. Once this industry grows, it can not only supply Dongguan factories, but also realize the output of robot products

Foshan robots have gone abroad. The member enterprises of the Research Institute of Guangzhou University of technology signed two large orders with two Japanese enterprises last year, and will continue to cooperate with KUKA, abb and other internationally renowned robot enterprises. In order to build a robot supply and demand platform, the Research Institute of Guangzhou University of technology also held a number of industrial robot application innovation docking meetings. It is said that a robotics college will be set up to cultivate talents in this field

on August 4, Midea announced the establishment of two robot joint ventures with Yaskawa electric of Japan to produce service robots and industrial robots

at present, industrial robots are the absolute protagonists in the entire robot industry in the Pearl River Delta

according to the statistics of Shenzhen Robot Association, Shenzhen industrial robot enterprises account for the majority, with more than 190, and the output value is also high; There are only 45 service robots. The same is true of Dongguan and Foshan. One reason for this is that industrial robots are

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