The hottest machine tool enterprises in China must

2022-09-21
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Chinese machine tool enterprises must grasp the key development period

at present, China's machine tool industry has entered a key development period, which must be scientifically combined with the needs of industrial development. At present, all industries are facing the requirements of redundant production capacity and severe market situation, and the industrial structure is adjusted in an organized and rhythmic manner. This process is a complex system engineering based on seeking truth from facts, paying attention to actual results, and a scientific attitude. From relevant government departments to enterprises, it should be carried out in an orderly and steady manner. Leaders should set goals and conduct regular inspections, summarize experience periodically, and effectively improve the problems encountered in the transformation. That kind of formality will delay the fighters

As a modern complex production tool, machine tool is one of the most important tools in the three elements of human productivity development. The progressiveness of machine tool determines human production efficiency and labor productivity. As the most developed country in science and technology in the world, the United States has been leading the world in machine tool technology for a hundred years in the 20th century. Similarly, its automotive industry and aerospace industry also rank first in the world. In 2008, the GDP of the United States was $13.98 trillion, with an average of 310million people, and its per capita GDP was $45000. With a population of about 1.33 billion, China's GDP in 2008 was only $3.37 trillion, a quarter of that of the United States, and its per capita GDP was only one eighth of that of the United States. Why? The productivity level is low. The level of productivity fundamentally depends on the level of science and technology

in order to speed up the process of industrialization, China must fundamentally improve scientific and technological productivity. In addition to vigorously cultivating talents, we must also pay attention to infrastructure. As an industrial machine tool, the revitalization of machine tool industry is the top priority

only by knowing yourself and the enemy can you win every battle. Looking at the objective law of the development of the world's machine tool industry, as a production tool, machine tools belong to the category of fixed assets. Therefore, the development of the machine tool industry is closely related to the economic status and fixed asset investment of all countries in the world. During the economic boom, there is more investment in fixed assets, the number of machine tools required increases, and the requirements for technological progressiveness are also high. With this, scientific research has also been strengthened, and the machine tool industry as a whole has developed rapidly. vice versa. An obvious example: in 2009, the world experienced a serious economic crisis, with world GDP declining by 2.2% and Global trade volume declining by 13%. Due to the shortage of funds and the contraction of fixed asset investment, the total output value of the world machine tool industry fell by 32% in 2009. The consumption of machine tools in the world fell by 33%, the export fell by 38%, and the import fell by 41%, which is the most serious year in the first decade of the 21st century for the world machine tool industry, output value, consumption, import and export

the growth of the output value and consumption of machine tool industry at the end of the 20th century reflects the close relationship with the overall economic situation. In the four years from 1980 to 1983, the global GDP showed a downward trend, and the output value of the machine tool industry also decreased from US $26.5 billion in 1980 to US $19.15 billion in 1983. From 1984 to 1991, the world economic boom began to rise, and the output value of the machine tool industry increased from 19.25 billion US dollars in 1984 to 42.45 billion US dollars

the reason for the analysis is that in the late 1980s, the world economy was booming, the capital was sufficient, and the investment in fixed assets was increasing, "echopan, the sales manager of Solvay polymers in China, said that with the increase of machine tool research funds, the global machine tool industry showed a booming development state. At that time, CNC machine tool technology also developed rapidly. It has not only invested heavily in the research and development of FMS (flexible manufacturing system), but also gradually started the research of CIMS (Computer Integrated Manufacturing System), forming an upsurge of new technology and development and innovation of machine tools in the world. The fever state of the machine tool industry at that time is still fresh in our memory

however, since 1992, the world economic trend has changed, and the total output value and consumption of machine tool industry began to decline with the decline of global GDP. At the same time, for FMS and CIMS products with relatively advanced technology, due to the high R & D investment, many key links in technology have not been solved, so they have entered the low tide of development. In 1992, the output value of world machine tools fell from US $42.45 billion in 1991 to US $34.12 billion, a decrease of 19.6%. Since 1993, the world economy has rebounded in waves, and the output value and consumption of machine tools have also gradually increased. In 1996, the output value of world machine tools rose to 38.03 billion US dollars, and by 2004, it had reached 45.63 billion US dollars. Undoubtedly, the global economic fluctuations have a certain impact on the machine tool industry. Moreover, a global financial crisis has a more profound impact on the machine tool industry

this is supported by the growth of machine tool output value, consumption, import and export volume in 28 countries and regions in the world in 2009

among the 28 countries and regions within the scope of statistics, the output value of machine tools in 2009 decreased to varying degrees in 26 countries except China, which increased by 7.4% and Austria, which increased by 2%. It is because the state has adopted the industrial revitalization plan and increased investment that China has driven the growth of the machine tool industry. Austria is a transit country in the global machine tool trade. The output value of machine tool industry in Germany, the world's major machine tool manufacturing country, fell by 33%, Japan by 54%, the United States by 41%, Switzerland by 47%, and so on

at the same time, the global consumption of machine tools fell by 33% year-on-year. As China and Brazil have taken certain measures to stimulate economic growth, the growth rate of their consumption has been linked to zero through the 1-series transmission head structure and the photoelectric encoder installed on the top of the measurement installation, and the rest of the countries (regions) have shown a downward trend. In 2009, the consumption of machine tools in Germany decreased by 44%, in the United States by 51%, in Japan by 57%, and in Italy by 48%

in addition, global machine tool exports fell by 38% and imports fell by 41% as a whole. In this global financial crisis, market demand began to decrease significantly, machine tool manufacturing enterprises are short of funds, and the production and R & D of machine tools are inevitably affected to a certain extent

in October 2009, emo (European International Machine Tool Exhibition), the world's largest machine tool exhibition held in Milan, Italy, showed weak signals such as the reduction of exhibition scale, the reduction of business activities, and the sharp decline of exhibitors. At the same time, most enterprises are still under the gloom of capital shortage and order reduction. For example, in the first half of 2009, German machine tool orders also fell by 67%, hitting a record low

this economic crisis has a great negative impact on the innovation and research and development of machine tool technology. However, it is gratifying that enterprises have never stopped developing markets and adhering to innovation

after the world financial crisis, the world machine tool output value in 2009 was 55.19 billion US dollars, returning to the level of 53.83 billion US dollars in 2005. In the next five years, the future development of the world machine tool industry will depend on the recovery process of the world economic crisis. Of course, the situation of countries and regions will vary, depending on the correctness of the countermeasures taken by countries around the world against the economic crisis

according to the prediction of the United Nations Organization on January 20, 2010, the world economy will recover moderately in 2010. World GDP fell by 2.2% in 2009 and is expected to grow by 2.4% in 2010. However, if governments stop stimulus spending too early, the economy may fall into recession again. On June 27, the fourth summit of the leaders of the group of 20 (G20) was held in Toronto, Canada. The decision was to focus on deficit reduction and global recovery on the one hand. It is expected that with the joint efforts of all countries, the world economy will gradually rebound in five years, and the world machine tool industry will also continue to rise. If it goes well, after a long-term development, the world machine tool output value in five years may be close to the level of 81.34 billion US dollars in 2008

looking at the development trend of machine tool technology in the world, it has gone through three stages, namely, manual ordinary machine tools: the world's first modular machine tool from 1769 to 1932; Efficient automatic machine tools: the first automatic line of modular machine tools in 1934; CNC machine tool: the first CNC machine tool since 1952

at present, the technical level of machine tools in the world is to promote the production of CNC machine tools as the mainstream. The development in the next 20 years will also remain this theme. On the basis of further improving accuracy, efficiency, automation, intelligence and networking, we will gradually transition to machining cells and cutting-edge flexible manufacturing systems

however, after the development process of learning, imitation and independent innovation, China's machine tool industry still has a certain gap with foreign advanced levels in terms of precision, efficiency, automation, intelligence and environmental protection. In the final analysis, these gaps are reflected in the talent gap, which is mainly reflected in these aspects: first, the basic knowledge is not solid, the theoretical content learned by the technicians of China's machine tool industry on campus is relatively simple and backward, and there are few practical opportunities. After entering the job, there is a gap between theory and practice; The second is the lack of innovation. On the one hand, it is the problem of talents themselves. On the other hand, it also highlights the defects in the R & D mechanism of machine tool enterprises. Because most enterprises do not have a systematic research and development platform, the product development process is only the extension of machine tool performance according to customer needs, while the real product development needs to integrate various information and knowledge such as user needs, processing technology, machine tool layout, transmission control, etc. at present, China's machine tool industry is still quite lack of such experts

despite the strong development momentum of China's machine tool industry over the years, it has been following the old path in technology and strategy, and has not fundamentally changed its thinking. Therefore, in the future development, how to adopt the correct development strategy is the key to the problem

first of all, there is an urgent need to cultivate all-round expert talents, and cultivate a group of technical backbones who are proficient in technology, familiar with the objective development law of machine tools, and understand the development trend of machine tool technology in the world

secondly, we should carefully summarize the experience and lessons of the development of China's machine tool industry in the past 60 years, carry forward the advantages, overcome the shortcomings, and carry out in-depth research in enterprises. At the same time, we should also learn from the development experience of advanced manufacturing countries such as the United States, Germany, Japan, and attach importance to practice

secondly, we should do a good job in basic work, pay attention to the basic technologies of machine tools, such as machinery, electricity, fluid, gas, etc., and strengthen support for enterprises and institutions engaged in research in these aspects. At the same time, the development of machine tool related industries such as functional components, parts, numerical control system, cutting tools, measurement, accessories and so on requires improving independent productivity and ensuring accuracy and reliability, so as to promote the overall development of machine tool industry

finally, we should establish a development attitude of strategic contempt and tactical attention. To catch up with and surpass the world's advanced level of machine tools and accelerate the development of high-end CNC machine tools is a long-term and extremely difficult battle, which cannot be successful at one stroke. If you violate the objective law, you will often be too quick to reach. Paying attention to tactics means that we should have a scientific and rigorous development thought, thoroughly eliminate the wrong style of blindness and exaggeration in the past, pay attention to technological innovation in all links, and strive for high quality and efficiency

in the future, the competition in the world machine tool industry will become increasingly fierce. If China's machine tool industry wants to reach the peak of the world's advanced level, it must make good use of the three elements of talents, tools and resources. Under the correct decision-making guidance of the government, it must be close to the market, closely follow the development trend of advanced technology, work together and persevere, so as to finally achieve positive results

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